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Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk, and Treatment

Heart attacks occur when coronary arteries are clogged, causing insufficient blood supply, and in a few minutes, can cause sudden cardiac death. However, cardiac arrests can be reversed, especially if you see them coming. Approximately half of the patients with a heart attack have warning symptoms before the incident. These symptoms occur gradually, and detecting any of them in time is essential to prevent the heart attack from causing irreparable damage.

Symptoms of heart attack

These are the main signs that can indicate the presence of a heart attack.

Fatigue and respiratory difficulties – Dyspnea, or difficulty breathing, appears before numerous heart attacks, particularly among women, and can begin months before you suffer a heart attack. 

Excessive sweating – Sweating more than usual, even if you are not exercising, can be a sign that your heart has a problem. These symptoms may appear days before a heart attack. 

Indigestion, nausea and vomiting – Occasionally, cardiac arrest is preceded by digestive problems including nausea and vomiting. These are the most difficult symptoms to associate with cardiac arrest.

Chest pain – Although not all heart attacks are preceded by chest pain. This is the most frequent, and most easily recognizable symptom. Chest pain usually lasts around 15 minutes, especially on the left side. Do you feel the same? Better you should perform a complete diagnosis in Cardiac Care in Patchogue, NY.


At the moment when the patient suspects that he has some of the symptoms already described, he should immediately notify the emergency services, and then they can take an aspirin. These treatments are indicated to facilitate healing, reduce the work of the heart so that it can function properly, and prevent new heart attacks. In the hospital, patients can receive different types of treatments:

Oxygen – It is usually the first measure taken by doctors in the hospital and in the ambulance itself.

Pain relievers – In situations where chest pain persists, morphine or similar drugs are given to relieve it.

Beta-blockers – Prevent the stimulating effect of adrenaline in the heart. In this way, the heartbeat is slower so the muscle needs less oxygen.

Thrombolytic – Dissolve clots that prevent blood flow. To be effective they must be administered within the hour following the onset of symptoms, and up to approximately 4.5 hours.

Platelet anti-aggregates – These types of drugs, such as aspirin, prevent platelet aggregation in thrombus formation.

Calcium antagonists – They are calcium channel blockers. They prevent calcium from entering myocardial cells, reducing blood pressure.

Risk factors

The risk factors for diseases of this type are your age, sex or if someone in your family suffers from heart disease. The primary risks for cardiac arrest which may be controlled are high BP, quit smoking, higher body mass index, cholesterol, obesity, less physical activities and sports engagement, improper diet, high diabetes due to insulin resistance, etc. The risk factors for heart attack that cannot be controlled are age – In men after age 45, in women after age 55, and family history of premature heart disease. 



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